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How to Install and Configure Redis on WordPress

Redis is an open-source, in-memory data structure store used as a database, cache, and message broker. When integrated with WordPress, Redis can significantly enhance your website’s performance by caching database queries and reducing load times. This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to install and configure Redis on your WordPress site.

Why Use Redis with WordPress?

  • Improved Performance: By caching database queries, Redis reduces the time required to fetch data from the database.
  • Scalability: Redis can handle a high number of requests per second, making it ideal for scaling your website.
  • Reduced Server Load: Offloading query handling to Redis reduces the load on your primary database server.


  1. A WordPress site.
  2. SSH access to your server.
  3. Basic knowledge of command-line operations.
  4. Administrative access to your WordPress dashboard.

Step-by-Step Guide to Installing and Configuring Redis

Step 1: Install Redis on Your Server

For Ubuntu/DebianUpdate Package Lists:

bashCopy codesudo apt updateInstall Redis:bashCopy codesudo apt install redis-serverStart and Enable Redis:bashCopy codesudo systemctl start redis-serversudo systemctl enable redis-serverFor CentOS/RHELEnable EPEL Repository:bashCopy codesudo yum install epel-releaseInstall Redis:bashCopy codesudo yum install redisStart and Enable Redis:bashCopy codesudo systemctl start redissudo systemctl enable redis

Step 2: Configure Redis

Edit Redis Configuration File:Open the Redis configuration file in a text editor like nano or vim.bashCopy codesudo nano /etc/redis/redis.confSet Redis to Use TCP:Ensure the following lines are set correctly:plaintextCopy codebind ::1port 6379

Enable Persistence (Optional): Uncomment the following lines if you want Redis to persist data to disk:plaintextCopy codesave 900 1save 300 10save 60 10000Restart Redis:bashCopy codesudo systemctl restart redis-server.

Step 3: Install Redis Object Cache Plugin

Log in to WordPress Dashboard, navigate to Plugins and click on Add New. Search for “Redis Object Cache”. Install and Activate the Plugin.

Step 4: Configure WordPress to Use Redis

Enable Redis Cache in the Plugin Settings:

Go to Settings > Redis. Click Enable Object Cache.Edit wp-config.php:

Add the following lines to your wp-config.php file, typically located in the root directory of your WordPress installation:

phpCopy codedefine(‘WP_REDIS_HOST’, ‘’);define(‘WP_REDIS_PORT’, 6379);Optional Configuration Settings:You can add additional configurations such as:phpCopy codedefine(‘WP_REDIS_PASSWORD’, ‘your_redis_password’);define(‘WP_REDIS_DATABASE’, 0);define(‘WP_CACHE_KEY_SALT’, ‘your_unique_prefix_’);

Step 5: Verify Redis Caching

Check Redis Status: Go to Settings > Redis in your WordPress dashboard. Ensure that the status indicates that the object cache is enabled and connected to Redis.

Monitor Redis Activity: You can monitor Redis activity using the redis-cli:bashCopy coderedis-cli monitor. This command will show real-time interactions with your Redis server, confirming that WordPress is using it for caching.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

  • Redis Not Connecting/Check Redis Server: Ensure that the Redis server is running:bashCopy codesudo systemctl status redis-server
  • Verify Configuration: Ensure the configuration settings in wp-config.php match your Redis server’s details.
  • Poor Performance/Object Cache Size: Review the size of your object cache and adjust Redis configuration settings accordingly.
  • Redis Persistence: If using persistence, ensure that it does not impact performance.
  • Plugin Conflicts/Disable Other Caching Plugins: Other caching plugins might conflict with Redis. Disable them to avoid conflicts.
  • Security/Secure Redis: Ensure Redis is not exposed to the internet. Configure a firewall or bind Redis to localhost.


Installing and configuring Redis on your WordPress site can dramatically improve performance by caching database queries and reducing server load. With the steps outlined above.

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